Facts about NYC’s Horse-Drawn Carriage Industry
- There are (5) major stables that are
involved in the horse carriage industry. They are all on the
far west side of Manhattan from 37th St. to 52nd St around 11th and
- 1. Bryne Stable - 547 West
- 2. Westside Livery - 538
West 38 Street
- 3. Shamrock Stable - 522
West 45 Street
- 4. Chateau Farms
- 608 West 48
- 5. Clinton Park - 618 West
- To get to work, horse carriages
generally travel up 10th Avenue to the Central Park area, which begins
at 59th St., and return to the stables by 9th
Avenue. There are two hospitals in this area – St. Vincent’s
Midtown and Roosevelt Hospital. The entrance to the Lincoln
Tunnel is at 37-38th St.; there are several entrances to the West Side
Highway in this area.
- There are no restrictions as to when
horse carriages can travel to and from the park. Unlike Local
Law 89, which expired in 1993, carriages may travel during rush
- There are 68 carriage horse medallions
or licenses -- one per cab.
- There are over 200 horses – according
to an October 2005 list from the Department of
- There are approximately 350 carriage
drivers in the industry – according to the NY Post – January 2006
- In 1982 there were 141 carriage
drivers. In 1993, there were 296 … Peggy Parker testimony
before City Council committee – 11/29/93
- Most of the stables house horses on
different levels, accessed by steep ramps.
- Most of the stables do not have
adequate fire protection and are not required to have sprinkler systems.
- Most of the stables have stalls too
small for a horse to turn around comfortably or to lie down.
- The average working life for a NYC
carriage horse is 4 years – compared to 14-15 years for a NYC police
horse – according to research by the Carriage Horse Action Committee.
- According to current legislation -
Horses may not be worked when the temperature is 90 degrees or more,
nor when it is 18 or below. There is no consideration for
humidity index or wind chill factor.
- The law requires the ASPCA Humane Law
Enforcement Officers to order the drivers to return to their stables
when the above temperatures are reached. The drivers do not
have to return on their own volition since it is the ASPCA officers who
have access to the thermometer.
- “Manhattan asphalt [street]
temperatures reach - well over 200 degrees – hot enough to
melt asphalt.” NYTimes 7/29/89 – quote by then Commissioner
of Department of Transportation.
- When the sum of ambient temperature
(Fahrenheit) and relative humidity exceeds 150 (especially if humidity
contributes more than half the sum) the evaporative cooling mechanism
by sweating is severely compromised. (published in Equine
Exercise Physiology - 9/22/82
- According to current
legislation - Each horse can work up to nine hours in any 24
hour period. A horse can be worked every day according to the
- Horses are kept standing for extended periods of time on
without shade. There is no shade on Central Park South on the
hack line. Boredom is just one of the feelings these horses
Horses Without Carriages International is a sister committee of the Coalition to Ban Horse-Drawn Carriages, which is part of The Coalition for NYC Animals, Inc. a 501-c-4 not-for-profit.
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